1938: First front-mounted swimmer's breathing tube patent filed. In December 1938, French spearfisherman Maxime Forjot and his business partner Albert Méjean file a patent application in France for a breathing tube worn on the front of the head over a single-lens diving mask enclosing the eyes and the nose and it is granted French patent 847848 on 10 July 1939.[29][30][31][32] In July 1939, Popular Science magazine publishes an article containing illustrations of a spearfisherman using a curved length of hosepipe as a front-mounted breathing tube and wearing a set of swimming goggles over his eyes and a pair of swimming fins on his feet.[33] In the first French monograph on spearfishing La Chasse aux Poissons (1940), medical researcher and amateur spearfisherman Dr Raymond Pulvénis illustrates his "Tuba", a breathing tube he designed to be worn on the front of the head over a single-lens diving mask enclosing the eyes and the nose. Francophone swimmers and divers have called their breathing tube "un tuba" ever since. In 1943, Raymond Pulvénis and his brother Roger obtain a Spanish patent for their improved breathing tube mouthpiece design.[34] In 1956, the UK diving equipment manufacturer E. T. Skinner (Typhoon) markets a "frontal" breathing tube with a bracket attachable to the screw at the top of an oval diving mask.[35] Although it falls out of favour with underwater swimmers eventually, the front-mounted snorkel becomes the breathing tube of choice in competitive swimming and finswimming (see Figure 4) because it contributes to the swimmer's hydrodynamic profile.


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If you are looking for a romantic getaway where you can relax and get away from the stress of daily life without leaving luxury behind, head to Palazzo Versace. Located on Australia's Gold Coast, Palazzo Versace will provide you with great food, fine service, and luxury accommodations. Stay in one of the hotel deluxe suites or condominiums and enjoy your morning coffee from Versace China. Begin your day together by the pool and then try some shopping at the Marina Mirage. Try lunch at the Vie Restaurant and Bar with views overlooking the marina.
On my way to T.I., a twenty-four-hour vacation felt absurdly short. But in the bubble, time stretched and slowed. After dinner, I went to the sauna and spa complex, where there were crystals the size of kindergarteners and a gigantic stone elephant cribbed from an 8th century Indian temple. The flamingos hadn’t moved, but mice scurried across the jungle trails. In the lagoon, kids drunk on being up past their bedtime shrieked and swam.

The Park and Ocean Railroad ran along Lincoln Way on the south edge of Golden Gate Park and then turned north into the western end of the Park along La Playa Street. This standard-gauge railway began service on 1 December 1883 using four locomotives built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in November 1880 for the Central Pacific Railroad but lettered Market Street, Park & Cliff Railroad. These four 0-4-2T (tank locomotives) (C/N 5357, 5357, 5375 & 5377) were joined by four 2-4-2T Baldwins (C/N 7201, 7203, 7238 & 7243) built in March 1884. When the line was electrified in 1900, locomotive #1 went to the Mendocino Lumber Company, three of the 2-4-2Ts went to Canadian Collieries, and the remaining four became Southern Pacific Transportation Company numbers 20, 21, 22 and 80. Number 20 was preserved at Travel Town Museum in 1954.[8]


In 1994, the bikini became the official uniform of women's Olympic beach volleyball.[175] In 1999, the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) standardized beach volleyball uniforms, with the bikini becoming the required uniform for women.[176] That regulation bottom is called a "bun-hugger",[177] and players names are often written on the back of the bottom.[177]
The Super Snorkel’s full vision, easy to use snorkeling set for kids and adults is super fun, super unique snorkel equipment. With a crystal-clear180-degree view through the mask, and our floating-ball technology that closes the snorkel if water goes the wrong way, our dry snorkel allows you to concentrate on the experience rather than the next wave. Ideal for beginners or children who are uncomfortable in the water.
There's no shortage of genuine superlatives among the exotic, fun-packed highlights at Tropical Islands: the world's largest indoor rainforest, the world's biggest self-supporting hall and the tallest water slide in Germany for a start! The houses in the tropical village – a great place to relax – are typical of those found in Thailand, Borneo, Bali, Samoa, Kenya and the Amazonas. Let yourself be pampered in the huge tropical spa complex with its breathtaking backdrops and its saunas, steam baths and Far East therapy treatments. The tropical rainforest, home to around 50,000 plants, the Bali lagoon with its counter-current, the underground water slide, the hot tubs and the huge South Seas paradise with its white sand beach, palms and many hundreds of loungers. Where else in the world would you find anything like this under one roof? There's always something going on here, whether on the giant slides, in the water or by the poolside. In the fitness club, with its state-of-the-art equipment, all muscles can be trained to the max. The tropical shopping boulevard, meanwhile, is a great place to take a break from the action. For appetites large or small, and for all tastes, there are service stations offering tasty treats and delicious food, even in the middle of the night! Sound like too much for one day? That's why there's the night! Sensors automatically dim the lights, the underwater lighting gives everything a turquoise hue, the jungle awakens and entertainers perform on stage. The varied programme ranges from the grand evening show featuring acclaimed acrobats to the Tropino children's club with its climbing equipment, go-kart track and much more besides.
To comply with the current European standard EN 1972 (2015), a snorkel for users with larger lung capacities should not exceed 38 centimeters in length and 230 cubic centimeters in internal volume, while the corresponding figures for users with smaller lung capacities are 35 cm and 150 cc respectively.[3] Current World Underwater Federation (CMAS) Surface Finswimming Rules (2017) require snorkels used in official competitions to have a total length between 43 and 48 cm and to have an inner diameter between 1.5 and 2.3 cm.[4] A longer tube would not allow breathing when snorkelling deeper, since it would place the lungs in deeper water where the surrounding water pressure is higher. The lungs would then be unable to inflate when the snorkeler inhales, because the muscles that expand the lungs are not strong enough to operate against the higher pressure.[5] The pressure difference across the tissues in the lungs, between the blood capillaries and air spaces would increase the risk of pulmonary edema.
^ Ogle, W. "Aristotle on the parts of animals, tr. with notes by W. Ogle". Internet Archive. Retrieved 20 May 2013. Just then as divers are sometimes provided with instruments for respiration, through which they can draw air from above the water, and thus may remain for a long time under the sea, so also have elephants been furnished by nature with their lengthened nostril; and, whenever they have to traverse the water, they lift this up above the surface and breathe through it.
If you're already making the trek to New Zealand, why not throw in a private island for good measure? This 5,000-acre working ship station/pine forest offers 13 private white sand beaches and a laundry list of fun stuff to do. Book it for up to 12 people and rates include helicopter transfers, all meals, on-island activities, and a hosting staff. Take note, though, that the owner lives there full time and each booking is subject to approval.
If you’ve got it flaunt it. With our latest drop of crochet bikinis, getting beach ready has never been easier. It’s time to get wet ‘n’ wild ‘cause these are the swimwear pieces you’re gonna wanna be packing whether you’re hitting the beach or having a day at the pool. We’ve designed crochet bikinis and swimsuits in the slickest new bardot, triangle and bandeau styles, so you’re gonna find it hard to pick out just one. No doubt you will be the best dressed babe under the sun with our off the hook pieces and with money-saving prices, you can make over your summer look without breaking the bank. Heading off on vacation? Scroll through our cool collection of crochet bikinis online for the slickest styles you’ll be packing in your suitcase this year…

Sipadan is located in the Celebes Sea off the coast of Sabah (Malaysia's easternmost state on the island of Borneo—Google-map it!). Best known for world-class diving, and described as an “Untouched Piece of Art” by Jacques Cousteau himself, the snorkeling here is equally stunning with easy viewing of otherworldy coral formations, sea turtles, and Bumphead Parrotfish.
Fraser Island in Australia surprised us. It's a grand adventure to four wheel it down the 75 mile beach, but it is also a great tropical vacation. Resorts have swimming pools, you can swim inland on fresh water beaches with pure white sand, there are champagne pools to relax in and there are plenty of spots to unwind. So while you may not consider Fraser Island for your typical tropical adventure, we definitely feel it is one and worthy of being the last of our best tropical islands in photos. See all about it here on our Fraser Island Tour
The top of the barrel may be open to the elements or fitted with a valve designed to shut off the air supply from the atmosphere when the top is submerged (see Figure 5 and Figure 7). There may be a fluorescent red or orange band around the top to alert other water users of the snorkeller's presence. The simplest way of attaching the snorkel to the head is to slip the top of the barrel between the mask strap and the head. This may cause the mask to leak, however, and alternative means of attachment of the barrel to the head can be seen in Figure 8.
Maui has many ideal snorkel spots, but for something completely different don your gear and sail on the luxury catamaran Kai Kanani to Molokini Crater—a tiny, volcanic crescent off the island's southernmost shore. A State Marine Life & Bird Conservation District, it is home to dolphins, manta rays, turtles, and dozens of varieties of insanely colorful tropical fish.
Sports journalism expert Kimberly Bissell conducted a study on the camera angles used during the 2004 Summer Olympic Games beach volleyball games. Bissell found that 20% of the camera angles were focused on the women's chests, and 17% on their buttocks. Bissell theorized that the appearance of the players draws fans attention more than their actual athleticism.[190][191] Sports commentator Jeanne Moos commented, "Beach volleyball has now joined go-go girl dancing as perhaps the only two professions where a bikini is the required uniform."[177][188][192] British Olympian Denise Johns argues that the regulation uniform is intended to be "sexy" and to attract attention.[193] Rubén Acosta, president of the FIVB, says that it makes the game more appealing to spectators.[178]
When snorkeling on or near coral reefs, care must be exercised to avoid contact with the delicate (and sometimes sharp or stinging) coral, and its poisonous inhabitants, usually by wearing protective gloves and being careful of one's environment. Coral scrapes and cuts often require specialized first aid treatment and potentially, emergency medical treatment to avoid infection. Booties and surf shoes are especially useful as they allow trekking over reefs exposed by low tide, to access drop-offs or deeper waters of the outer reef - this is, however, ecologically irresponsible.[citation needed]
OB is a boho beach community, so what else can you expect but dive bars, right? Winstons Beach Club is your place for live music—usually some sort of cover band in the Dead/Reggae/Jam band vein. Comedy shows are also regularly scheduled there. The Catalina Lounge is your popular, friendly dive bar, as is the Tilted Stick. The Arizona Cafe has cleaned up its act and is now a cool hangout with pool tables and big TVs for watching sports.
By mid-morning, all the seafront beach chairs were overlaid with people or place-saving towels, so I checked out the upstairs sundeck. For such a large complex, the sandy beach was actually quite narrow, just a spit of sand ringing the wading pool in front of the sea. It reminded me of million-dollar Malibu beachfront homes where erosion has taken almost all of the sand, leaving behind just the idea of a beach. Still, I wasn’t immune to the satisfaction of being in a bikini in the indoor-outdoor world while regular, old February raged on outside, and there was a particular joy in swiping sand from my ankles as I readjusted.

Although snorkels come in many forms, they are primarily classified by their dimensions and secondarily by their orientation and shape. The length and the inner diameter (or inner volume) of the tube are paramount health and safety considerations when matching a snorkel to the morphology of its end-user. The orientation and shape of the tube must also be taken into account when matching a snorkel to its end use while seeking to optimise ergonomic factors such as streamlining, airflow and water retention.


With the reunification of Germany in 1989/1990, the Soviet Army agreed to return all military bases by 1994. Returned to the Federal Government of Germany in 1992, Cargolifter AG bought the former military airfield to construct airships. They began development of a new construction hall, 360 metres long, 210 metres wide and 107 metres high, which cost €78 million. At 5.5 million m³ (194 million ft³), it is one of the largest buildings on Earth by volume, and is the world's largest single hall without supporting pillars inside. The hangar was commissioned as an airship hangar named Aerium in November 2000, but the airship it was intended to house – the CL160 – was never built. CargoLifter went bankrupt in mid-2002.
Although Ocean Beach sits on prime waterfront real estate, the neighborhood still exudes a small-town atmosphere, making it an ideal place to live and visit. Where other beach communities have embraced commercialism, Ocean Beach remains fiercely independent and skeptical of wholesale change. You're more likely to see a food co-op than a fast food chain. The Ocean Beach community is so tight-knit that residents often refer to themselves as OBceans, pronounced "oh-BEE-shuns."
Translated as the “mouth of the bull” this archipelago of islands sits just south of the Costa Rican town of Puerto Viejo where the mighty rivers flow from the tall mountains in Northern Panama’s rugged interior cordillera. The laid back Caribbean atmosphere in the main town of Bocas Del Toro is seductive and not surprisingly, it has attracted its fair share of adventurous digital nomads and expats.
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Fins- We always recommend renting fins, especially when swimming long distances. I used to be a huge cheapskate when it came to renting fins but trust me, they do make a difference. Rent fins that are not too tight but also not too loose. When swimming with fins, be mindful that you don’t kick and knock over any corals. Check if your fins fit properly- ill fitting fins can make or break your snorkeling experience.

Snorkeling can be a very rewarding activity. It benefits from its simplicity, where you can simply grab a mask and some fins, rather than hauling a bag full of heavy scuba gear. This also allows for more flexibility, allowing you to bring your gear on trips where bringing tons of scuba gear isn’t a possibility. And the lack of bubbles means you can often get closer to marine wildlife than with scuba gear on.


1:00pm moderate 3 hrs Beverages
Ocean Beach was given its name by developers Billy Carlson and Frank Higgins in 1887. The beachfront was the main attraction, although in the early 20th century, getting to Ocean Beach was a bit of a trek. Another draw was Wonderland, an amusement park at the northern end of the neighborhood that was washed away in 1916. Cottages, bungalows, and apartments were built through the years and attracted (and continue to attract) students, surfers, and free-spirited types. OB was somewhat isolated from the rest of the city until Interstate 8 was built in the mid-1960s.​ Ocean Beach is fondly looked upon as the neighborhood that time forgot, and it still has that hippie vibe—a carryover from the 1960s and '70s that never really left.
Awesome article, thank ya! I’ve been to a few of these places — spent a few months in Chiang Mai years ago. I have also spent time in Varkala Beach (Kerala, India), which was a great place to get some Auyrvedic spa treatments and get my head right from the intensity of Northern India. Once I chilled there for a while, I was ready to go north again!
Sipadan is located in the Celebes Sea off the coast of Sabah (Malaysia's easternmost state on the island of Borneo—Google-map it!). Best known for world-class diving, and described as an “Untouched Piece of Art” by Jacques Cousteau himself, the snorkeling here is equally stunning with easy viewing of otherworldy coral formations, sea turtles, and Bumphead Parrotfish.
Looking great and feeling your best is easy when you have cute bikini swimsuits & two-piece swimsuits. With a stylish selection of on-trend women’s bikini tops, bikini bottoms & bikini sets, we’ve got your next look covered (at prices you’ll love). First, start with supportive styles you’ll wear again & again. Great-fitting underwire bikinis, push-up bikinis and bra sized swimwear will be new your vacay faves. Looking for the latest swimwear styles? Try popular bandeau bikinis or crochet bikinis. Plus, you can find swimsuits in your favorite colors, like trending pink bikinis. Make any day a beach day when you style up with Target.
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