1939: First side-mounted swimmers’ breathing tube patent filed. In December 1939, expatriate Russian spearfisherman Alexandre Kramarenko files a patent in France for a breathing tube worn at the side of the head with a ball valve at the top to exclude water and a flutter valve at the bottom. Kramarenko and his business partner Charles H. Wilen refile the invention in March 1940 in the USA, where their "underwater apparatus for swimmers" is granted US patent 2,317,236 on 20 April 1943; after entering production in France, the device is called "Le Respirator". The co-founder of Scubapro Dick Bonin is credited with the introduction of the flexible-hose snorkel in the mid-1950s and the exhaust valve to ease snorkel clearing in 1980. In 1964, US Divers markets an L-shaped snorkel designed to outperform J-shaped models by increasing breathing ease, cutting water drag and eliminating the "water trap". In the late 1960s, Dacor launches a "wraparound big-barrel" contoured snorkel, which closely follows the outline of the wearer's head and comes with a wider bore to improve airflow. The findings of the 1977 report "Allergic reactions to mask skirts, regulator mouthpieces and snorkel mouthpieces" encourage diving equipment manufacturers to fit snorkels with hypoallergenic gum rubber and medical-grade silicone mouthpieces (see Figure 5). In the world of underwater swimming and diving, the side-mounted snorkel has long become the norm, although new-generation full-face swim masks with integrated snorkels are beginning to grow in popularity for use in floating and swimming on the surface.
We love bikinis. Why? Because they represent the breezy, carefree nature that summertime is all about. There is nothing better than waking up during the summer and knowing that they only thing you have to put on is your favorite bikini. Our women’s bikinis are sleek and stylish so that whatever color or design you choose, you will look and feel your best all day long. Since we know that you’re the type of women who enjoys being on the move and getting the most out of each day, we design our bikinis for women to keep you secure and comfortable while catching waves on your surfboard, riding bikes down the boardwalk, or exploring new places. Any ROXY bikini you choose will be able to take you from lounging leisurely to enjoying a day full of activities without having to worry about experiencing any discomfort or wardrobe malfunctions. It turns out that the perfect bikinis do exist, and they come from ROXY.